Mexico Becomes Top Source of U.S. Imports, Surpassing China
By April Fowell
- Mexico surpassed China as the top importer to the United States for the first time in over two decades, with imports from Mexico totaling over $475 billion in 2023, a nearly 5% increase from the previous year.
- In contrast, imports from China decreased by 20% to $427 billion during the same period, marking the first time since 2002 that Mexican imports exceeded Chinese imports into the US.
- The shift is attributed to strained US-China relations, exacerbated by China's aggressive trade tactics and military actions, prompting the US to encourage businesses to seek suppliers in friendlier nations like Mexico, a strategy known as "friend-shoring." Additionally, disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic have led to a trend of sourcing goods closer to home, termed "near-shoring."
Last year, Mexico overtook China as the country from which the United States imports the most commodities for the first time in over 20 years. The change is a result of the escalating strain between Washington and Beijing as well as American efforts to acquire goods from more amiable and nearby nations.
The U.S. announced figures on Wednesday. According to data from the Commerce Department, the amount of products imported into the US from Mexico increased to over $475 billion in 2023, an almost 5% increase from 2022. Chinese imports fell 20% in value to $427 billion at the same time.
The last time the value of Mexican imports into the US surpassed that of Chinese imports was in 2002.
China's aggressive trade tactics and menacing military postures in the Far East have caused the United States and China's economic relations to drastically worsen in recent years.
In 2018, the Trump administration started putting tariffs on Chinese goods, claiming Beijing's trade policies went against international trade regulations. After assuming office in 2021, President Joe Biden decided to keep the tariffs in place, indicating that a negative view of China would be a rare area of agreement between Democrats and Republicans.
The Biden administration is pushing businesses to look for suppliers in friendly nations (a practice known as "friend-shoring") or to bring manufacturing back to the United States (a practice known as "reshoring") as alternatives to the long-standing practice of American corporations offshoring production to China. The COVID-19 epidemic caused supply-chain disruptions, which in turn prompted American businesses to look for goods closer to home (a practice known as "near-shoring").
Navigating the Complexities of Mexico's Role in Shifting Trade Dynamics
One country that has benefited from the increasing move away from reliance on Chinese industries is Mexico. However, the situation is more nuanced than it first appears. In order to take advantage of the three-year-old U.S.-Mexico-Canada commerce Agreement, which permits duty-free commerce in North America for several items, some Chinese firms have set up facilities in Mexico.
The politically sensitive categories of computers, electronics, chemicals, and medicines saw the largest declines in Chinese imports, according to Derek Scissors, a China expert at the conservative American Enterprise Institute.
Scissors hypothesized that Beijing's economic policies under President Xi Jinping are partially to blame for the decline in American reliance on Chinese goods. Large portions of the Chinese economy came to a complete halt in 2022 as a result of Xi's harsh COVID-19 lockdowns, and his authorities raided foreign businesses in what seemed to be counterespionage investigations.
The difference between the value of the items the US exports and imports from other countries, or the trade deficit, decreased by 10% to $1.06 trillion overall last year.