Jun 25, 2021 01:11 PM EDT
While women outnumber men as Ob/Gyn practitioners, they still make significantly less money and the pay gap extends to subspecialties like reproductive endocrinology and infertility (REI), according to researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.
"It's interesting that the Ob/Gyn field is dominated by women and yet this gender inequality in pay persists," said the study's senior author Malgorzata Skaznik-Wikiel, MD, assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. "Why the discrepancy?"
The study was published in the journal Fertility and Sterility.
It showed that even after adjusting for variables like hours worked, years in practice, location, academic vs. private practice, female reproductive endocrinology and infertility subspecialists make on average $67,000 less than male REIs per year.
Pay inequity among physicians in well-documented. According to Doximity, an online social network for health care professionals, women doctors make about 27.7 percent less than male physicians or about $105,000.
A recent commentary in the journal Obstetrics and Gynecology noted that 82 percent of those going into Ob/Gyn were women, yet the field is the fourth worst of 18 specialties in pay inequity among the sexes.
Skaznik-Wikiel and her colleagues sent surveys to 796 board-certified or board-eligible Society for Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility members. Of those, 215 responded, an above average response for such surveys.
The study noted that although women were more likely to practice less than five days per week, there were no significant differences in the number of hours they spent per week seeing patients, doing research or being involved in other academic activities.
The researchers reviewed a number of reasons given for the pay gap - women working fewer hours, taking more personal leave, practicing in specialties that pay less or practicing in academia rather than privately.
Yet they found little to substantiate these suggestions.
For example, the study said it's unlikely that a woman taking more personal leave, like maternity leave, would affect a base salary. Also, they said, more and more men are taking paternity leave as well.
One possible culprit is 'salary compression.' That's when the market rate for a job outpaces pay increases for those already in those positions. New hires may get bigger salaries.
"There is some evidence that men switch jobs more often than women and sometimes new jobs will pay more to attract new employees," Skaznik-Wikiel said.
She also said women are often reluctant to negotiate hard over salary for fear of being seen as overly aggressive, traits many do not associate with men who do the same thing.
Ultimately, Skaznik-Wikiel said, there is no good reason for the discrepancy.
"The first step in addressing the gender gap is acknowledging it exists," she said. "Ignorance of this issue is no longer acceptable."
The second step is opening a frank and honest discussion about income, salary negotiations and implementation of academic institutional and private practice policies addressing potential gender biases, the study said.
Salaries, raises and bonuses should be more transparent, said Skaznik-Wikiel.
"Women also need to step into mentorship roles now more than ever," she said. "An opportunity exists for practitioners in the field of obstetrics and gynecology and its subspecialties to lead by example in establishing new transparent norms and better policies that create an environment of equity in pay."
However, there are some simple steps that anyone can take which will help to improve their performance when it comes to trading foreign exchange markets. Here are ten small things that can make a big difference in your FX trading success.
o prevent significant losses, risk management expertise is essential. His adage, "Rule No. 1: Never lose money," has become a stock market classic. Never forget Rule No. 1; this is Rule No. 2. This practice is followed by even the most successful investor, Warren Buffett, who advises others to follow suit.
One of the significant advancements is shifting the payment operations for remote workers. If the compliances are not met, it may lead to severe legal complications. The owner and organization may be held labially separately. The remote working lifestyle continuously grows and is a testament to becoming an endless working mode. Today we discuss components for payroll for remote workers
BRG International Founder Matias Alem had recognized this fact for a few years. So he remodeled his real estate brokerage into something completely new to solve the problem for his jet-setting international client base.
Ryan Early, hailed as 'Farmer Ryan' among sustainable agriculture experts, is a busy man. He has a laundry list of companies to his name, including Blue-Green Ventures, the company behind the revolutionary product, Blue MagicTM, a non-toxic and eco-sustainable pest preventative product using his patented BiomeMax TM Pheromonal Replication Technology.
Investor, financier, and expert in both cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology, Joy Mbanugo is the go-to in the sector. She has vast experience and knowledge across tax services, auditing, business operations, financial analysis, capital markets, and other specializations.
When Nick Collins was just 14 years old, he started his first business, which included around-the-clock phone calls and numerous questions from his parents. In fact, he began building his stout portfolio in the seventh grade by doing web design, incorporating creative content with brand strategies and plugging in a then-fledgling tech Flash.
Barry Gabster is the founder of InitiateU and is a leading proponent of the marketing mailer revolution, having already taken his company to 10x growth in 2021, alone. In fact, the exponential growth has seen the company rise from $800K-$8.5M just on word-of-mouth referrals.
If you think that the micro accounts are useful only for beginners who may not be able to cope with the fast dynamics of changing quotes on trading platforms, then this is not so. Professionalism grows out of these cent accounts.